History of Classical Scholarship 2021-01-09T13:23:39+00:00 Open Journal Systems <p><em>History of Classical Scholarship</em> (<em>HCS</em>) is an academic journal that sets out to be the first periodical exclusively devoted to the history of the studies on the Greek and Roman world, in a broad and interdisciplinary sense.</p> Cover and Table of Contents 2021-01-09T13:23:39+00:00 Anon. <p>Cover, editorial board, and table of contents</p> 2021-01-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Who Wrote Kromayer’s Survey of Greek Warfare? 2020-05-22T15:14:38+00:00 Roel Konijnendijk <p><em>Johannes Kromayer and Georg Veith’s handbook on Greek and Roman war­fare (1928) has long been regarded as the epitome of older German scholarship on ancient military history. However, Kromayer’s contribution on Greek war­fare borrows extensively from Adolf Bauer’s earlier edition, written for the same series (1893). Modern scholars still cite and praise Kromayer’s text, un­aware that nearly half of it is not his. This article offers a guide to Kromayer’s handbook, showing which parts can be considered contemporary original work, and which reflect scholarship that was already 35 years old at the time.</em></p> 2020-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Tra attualizzazione e ‘pentitismo’: Sallustio secondo Concetto Marchesi 2020-05-22T15:14:38+00:00 Arnaldo Marcone <p><em>Concetto Marchesi ha discusso in pagine molto partecipate della sua </em>Lette­ratura Latina<em> dei Gracchi e della loro azione riformatrice. Esse risentono in modo originale dell’attualizzazione con cui le loro figure erano state trattate nella </em>Storia romana<em> di Mommsen. In particolare, Gaio Gracco torna per analo­gia in scritti successivi di Marchesi su Togliatti. Da considerare, inoltre, la categoria di ‘pentitismo’, che il latinista applica alla scelta di Sallustio di de­dicarsi alla storiografia, anche a fronte di una sua valutazione, non priva di elementi contraddittori, della figura di Catone.</em></p> <p><em>Concetto Marchesi discussed the Gracchi and their reform agenda in some deeply engaged pages of his </em>Letteratura latina<em>, which clearly betray the in­fluence of Mommsen’s </em>History of Rome<em> and its modernising approach to those great figures. The analogy with Gaius Gracchus also features in several pieces that Marchesi later wrote about Palmiro Togliatti. The category of </em>pentitismo<em> (a neologism that may roughly be translated as ‘repentitism’) is worthy of esp­ecially close consideration: Marchesi deployed it in his discussion of Sallust’s choice to devote himself to historiography, not least in light of his — partly contradictory — assessment of Cato the Younger and his character.</em></p> 2020-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) The Discovery of Aelian’s Tactica Theoria in Italian Humanism 2020-05-22T15:14:38+00:00 Immacolata Eramo <p><em>Aelian’s </em>Tactica theoria<em> was the most highly regarded Greek military manual in Italian Humanism. This paper aims to investigate the reasons for its success, comparing it to other writings on the same topics, and the key elements and figures that ensured the work’s survival: Theodorus Gaza and his Latin translation, the vernacular translation by Ludovico Carbone, the diagrams in Niccolò Machiavelli’s </em>Arte della guerra<em>, the editions by Lelio Carani and Francesco Ferrosi, and the studies of Andrea Palladio.</em></p> 2020-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Una lettera inedita di Augusto Campana. Per la tradizione di Cic. Scaur. 4 ed Epigr. Bob. 63 2020-05-22T15:14:37+00:00 Orazio Portuese <p><em>The papers of Augusto Campana at the Biblioteca Civica Gambalunga in Rimini include a thus far unpublished correspondence with Scevola Mariotti on </em>Epigr. Bob. <em>63. In 1963, Campana published a major study on that poem, in which he did not develop some of the insights that he had privately shared with Mariotti. This paper includes an edition of the earliest letter by Campana (Rome, 1 July 1958), in which he made some important remarks on the transmission of Cic. </em>Scaur<em>. </em><em>4 and its relationship with </em>Epigr. Bob<em>. </em><em>63, with a special focus on the name of its protagonist, Theombrotus. These comments are of special signifi­cance to the reconstruction of the </em>codex deperditus <em>that contained the Bobbio collection.</em></p> <p><em>Tra le carte di Augusto Campana custodite presso la Biblioteca Civica Gam­balunga di Rimini si conserva un inedito scambio epistolare con Scevola Mariotti riguardante </em>Epigr. Bob<em>.</em><em> 63. Su questo carme Campana pubblicò, nel 1958, un contributo decisivo, nel quale non confluirono tuttavia alcune delle felici intuizioni condivise privatamente con Mariotti. Dell’ignoto epistolario si pubblica qui la prima lettera di Campana (Roma, 1 luglio 1958), ove sono formulate significative considerazioni sulla tradizione di Cic. </em>Scaur<em>. 4 in rapporto ad </em>Epigr. Bob<em>.</em><em> 63 per l’identificazione del protagonista </em>Theombrotus<em>, che sono di estremo interesse per la ricostruzione del </em>codex deperditus<em> conte­nente la silloge bobbiese.</em></p> 2020-05-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Orazio Portuese Alle origini di Demokratie und Klassenkampf im Altertum. Il dibattito tra Arthur Rosenberg, Otto Jenssen ed Ettore Ciccotti sulla democrazia ateniese 2020-07-03T22:05:47+00:00 Vittorio Saldutti <p><em>Negli anni che seguirono la presa del potere dei bolscevichi in Russia il mo­vimento socialista internazionale fu agitato da un duro scontro sulla natura della democrazia sovietica che influenzò la riflessione di Arthur Rosenberg. Nell’ottobre del 1919 lo studioso tedesco pubblicò un lavoro su una rivista dei socialdemocratici indipendenti, in cui la democrazia ateniese veniva para­gonata al moderno regime dei Consigli. L’articolo scatenò la reazione di Otto Jenssen, che aprì un dibattito, nel quale venne in un secondo momento coinvolto Ettore Ciccotti, sulla natura economica, sociale e politica dell’antico regime ateniese. La </em>querelle<em> ebbe un notevole impatto sulla successiva produzione di Ciccotti e sull’elaborazione di </em>Demokratie und Klassenkampf im Altertum<em>, il lavoro più importante di Rosenberg come antichista.</em></p> <p><em>In the years following the Bolsheviks’ seizure of power in Russia the inter­national Socialist movement was divided by a harsh debate on the nature of Soviet democracy, which had a major influence on Arthur Rosenberg’s thought. In October 1919, he published an article in the journal of the In­dependent Social Democratic Party in which he compared Athenian dem­ocracy with contem­porary workers’ councils. The piece prompted the reaction of Otto Jenssen, who opened a controversy on the economic, social and political character of the ancient Athenian polity that came to involve also Ettore Ciccotti. The exchange had a considerable impact on the later works of Ciccotti and on the writing of </em>Demokratie und Klassenkampf im Altertum<em>, Rosenberg’s most important con­tribution to classical scholarship.</em></p> 2020-07-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Top Scholars in Classical and Late Antiquity 2020-07-20T23:15:47+00:00 Ramsay MacMullen <p><em>This article takes off from a recent attempt by Walter Scheidel to “collect and analyze bibliometric evidence for the impact of published research in the field of Ancient History”; this, criticized by Nathan Pilkington; and Scheidel, answer­ing with revisions. The contributions of the two are here accepted in their metrics and in their focus on “impact”; but criticisms are advanced against their choices of focus and method. The aim here is to suggest the qualities of work that have earned frequent citation across a wider selection of the exemplary — much wider than the two quoted scholars attempt.</em></p> 2020-07-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ramsay MacMullen “The Essence of Classical Culture”: Werner Jaeger’s First Public Address in the United States 2020-07-20T23:15:47+00:00 Stanley M. Burstein <p><em>This paper publishes the text of “The Essence of Greek Culture,” the first public address delivered by Werner Jaeger after his immigration to the United States in 1936. It was part of the program of a symposium sponsored by the Trustees of the University of Chicago in May, 1937 and provides important evidence indicating that Jaeger had begun to adapt ideas he had long supported in Ger­many to conditions in the United States. The text of the paper is preserved in the Archives of the University of Chicago and is published with its permission.</em></p> 2020-07-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Stanley M. Burstein The Reception of Vernant in the English-Speaking World 2020-08-19T04:46:33+00:00 Oswyn Murray <p><em>Six Anglophone colleagues of Jean-Pierre Vernant (1914–2007) in Britain and the USA recall his influence on their lives and research: his importance for the history of mentalities and for the theory of alterity and structuralism are discussed, together with the influence of Ignace Meyerson’s theory of </em>psycholo­gie historique<em>. The article ends with personal reminiscences of friendship, and Oswyn Murray’s obituary from </em>The Independent<em> newspaper, highlighting his career in the Resistance.</em></p> 2020-08-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Cicero’s Image in America and the Discovery of De Republica 2020-10-17T09:12:31+00:00 David S. Wiesen Stanley M. Burstein <p><em>The discovery by Cardinal Angelo Mai in 1819 of extensive portions of Cicero’s </em>De Republica<em> aroused great interest in the United States. Within a decade Americans had published an edition of the Latin text and the first English translation of the new work as well as numerous articles about its contempo­rary relevance. This paper analyzes how conservative intellectuals found in </em>De Republica<em> support for their critique of democratic trends in American poli­tics connected with the popularity of Andrew Jackson, whom they viewed as a potential military dictator like Julius Caesar. Also highlighted in the article is the tension between this traditional approach to the reading of a Ciceronian text and the historicizing tendencies of the new German philological scholar­ship that was beginning to make itself felt in the United States in the 1820s.</em></p> 2020-10-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) How and Why I Count(ed). A Response to Ramsay MacMullen 2020-10-20T09:38:55+00:00 Nathan Pilkington <p><em>In a recent publication in this journal, Professor Ramsay MacMullen failed to correctly represent thoughts I had posted online, though not yet published in a peer-reviewed journal. I thus establish here my positions on the value of citation scores, both how to calculate them and why one would want to do so</em></p> 2020-10-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) The Artist and the Historian. Thomas Mann’s Letters to Otto Seeck 2020-11-13T15:06:04+00:00 Simone Rendina Sascha Schäfer <p><em>Thomas Mann and the historian of the Late Empire Otto Seeck corresponded from 1911 until at least 1917. While all of Seeck’s letters to Mann appear to have been lost, there are five surviving letters from Mann to Seeck, four of which are being published here for the first time. Between 1911 and 1917, Mann generally professed conservative political ideas, and during the First World War he enthusiastically supported his country’s war efforts. A similar conservative and nationalistic trait can be found in Seeck’s popularising works at the time. Thus, before Mann turned to a republican allegiance, he had had an affinity with Seeck, and mentioned the writing of his conservative essay </em>Betrachtungen eines Un­politischen<em> in two letters to him. On 24 January 1911, Mann thanked Seeck for his hospitality on a visit to Münster and sent an autograph for one of Seeck’s daughters. In a letter dated 9 April 1916, Mann outlined the qualities and weak­nesses of his own essay on Frederick the Great, mentioned its reception among scholars and the wider public, and gave his opinion on historical fiction. On 16 February 1917, he thanked Seeck for sending him one of his essays, and, just over a month later (24 March 1917), for sending him a new essay, and men­tioned his own forthcoming book, </em>Aufzeichnungen eines Unpolitischen<em> (not yet entitled </em>Betrachtungen<em>).</em></p> 2020-11-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) The Apostate in Albion: Evocations of the Emperor Julian in English Disputation and Satire, ca.1600 to ca.1750 2020-12-22T17:27:39+00:00 Rowland Smith <p><em>The survival of a body of writings by the Emperor Julian, and the intellectual allegiances and aspirations that underpinned his anti-Christian politics, set parameters of sorts for his posthumous reception as a renegade ‘Apostate’. This paper discusses a particular aspect of Julian’s post-Classical afterlife: it attends to a sequence of learned evocations of his career and person in English works of disputation and satire published over the period ca.1600–ca.1750. Within that time-frame, the focus is restricted to deal only with cases that had a signifi­cant political edge, and to privilege evocations that disclose direct engagement by the authors with Julian’s own writings. As a preliminary, a brief outline of the early editorial tradition of Julian’s own writings is offered, with an eye to the bearing of Continental scholarship on the reading and reception of Julian in England in the selected time-frame. The paper then passes to close discussion of Julian’s reception by six selected English authors, and explicates the lines of influence or reaction that connect the English texts and authors at issue. It emerges that certain items and passages in Julian’s literary repertoire were repeatedly deployed and ‘flipped’ as tools of argument, particu­larly in volatile political contexts.</em></p> 2020-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Un’iscrizione greca inedita di Melchiorre Cesarotti al palazzo del Catajo 2020-12-23T14:04:48+00:00 Alessandra Coppola <p><em>Nel palazzo del Catajo alle pendici dei Colli Euganei (Battaglia Terme, nei pressi di Padova) il marchese Tommaso Obizzi (1750–1803) raccolse una ricca collezione di antichità, che divenne celebre fra i suoi contemporanei. La raccolta comprendeva centinaia di iscrizioni greche e latine, che furono suc­cessivamente trasferite, soprattutto a Vienna, con buona parte del resto della collezione. Il palazzo del Catajo conserva però ancora un’iscrizione in greco antico incisa su un altare della cappella di famiglia. Grazie a un documento d’archivio conservato alla Biblioteca Civica di Padova, si rivela autore del testo Melchiorre Cesarotti, il noto grecista e studioso della lingua italiana.</em></p> <p><em>In the Catajo Palace at the foot of the Euganean Hills (Battaglia Terme, near Padua), the marquis Tommaso Obizzi (1750–1803) collected a vast group of antiquities in a private Museum, which was highly celebrated among his contemporaries. This collection also included hundreds of Greek and Latin inscriptions, which were later transferred to Vienna with a sizeable part of the collection. Yet, the Catajo Palace still houses a modern inscription in ancient Greek, written on an altar in the family chapel. Thanks to a letter kept at the Public Library in Padova, the author of the text can be identified with the classicist and linguist Melchiorre Cesarotti.</em></p> 2020-12-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c)